Monday, May 18, 2020

                                 CHILDHOOD  OBESITY

 Childhood Obesity  is A condition in which a child is significantly overweight for his or her age and height.Overweight and obesity in childhood are known to have significant impact on both physical and psychological health. Overweight and obese children are likely to stay obese into adulthood and more likely to develop non-communicable diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at a younger age. Childhood obesity has reached epidemic levels in developed as well as in developing countries.  The highest prevalence rates of childhood obesity have been observed in developed countries; however, its prevalence is increasing in developing countries as well.Females are more likely to be obese as compared to males, owing to inherent hormonal differences. Childhood obesity can profoundly affect children's physical health, social, and emotional well-being, and self esteem. It is also associated with poor academic performance and a lower quality of life experienced by the child. Many co-morbid conditions like metabolic, cardiovascular, orthopedic, neurological, hepatic, pulmonary, and renal disorders are also seen in association with childhood obesity.

Obesity is Diagnosed with  your Body mass Index (B M I) . BMI is a measure of whether you're a healthy weight for your height.
You can measure ur BMI Here with this BMI Calculator

Causes of Childhood Obesity:

1) Diet: Daily intake of high-calorie foods, such as fast foods,junk food  can cause your child to gain weight. Candy and desserts also can cause weight gain, sugary drinks, including fruit juices, as culprits in obesity in some people.

2) Genetics: If your child comes from a family of overweight people, he or she may be more likely to put on weight in Future.

3) Lack of exercise. Children who don't exercise much are more likely to gain weight because they don't burn as many calories. Too much time spent in sedentary activities, such as watching television or playing video games, help to gain weight .

4) Psychological factors :Stress can increase a child's risk of obesity. Some children overeat to cope with problems of stress.

5) Medications: Medicines like steroids, Anticounvulgent drugs  causes weight gain.

6) Medical Condition:If child is suffering from Hypothyroidism, PCOD, Cushing syndrome, etc causes weight gain/obesity.

Complications of Childhood Obesity: 

1) Type 2 Diabeties: overweight  children have more risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Future.

2) High Blood Pressure: Overweight  children have more risk of High Blood pressure, Heart disease.

3) High cholesterol : A poor diet can cause your child to develop condition of High cholesterol. These factors can contribute to the buildup of plaques in the arteries, which can cause arteries to narrow and harden, possibly leading to a heart attack or stroke later in life.

4) Sleep disorders: Obstructive sleep apnea is a serious  sleep disorder in which a child's breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep.

5)Fatty Liver  :Excess fat deposits  in the liver. NAFLD can lead liver damage.

6) Bone fractures: Obese children are more likely to break bones than normal children.

Emotional Complication in Overweight children :

•Loss of self confidence .
•Depression .
•Learning Problems.

Prevention of Childhood Obesity:

• Eat  colorful, nutritious  foods only: Always give healthy,nutritious, food,fruits to your children. 
● Avoid sugary drinks and fruit juice: Sugary drinks and fruit juices put lots of fat on your body because each serving contains more than 100 calories. If you want to lose weight you have to avoid sugary drinks and juices. 
● Avoid oily, fast food,junk food. 
● Drink coffee or  green tea. 
● Eat slowly, guide  your children to eat properly. Eating quickly can lead to weight gain over time, while eating slowly makes you feel more full and boosts weight-reducing hormones , chew your food an estimated 32 times before swallowing. Chew your food well to allow saliva to mix properly. Chewing your food well prevents digestion problems and allows your body to absorb all the nutrients completely. 
● Regularly check your  child weight. Studies show that people who weigh themselves every day are much more likely to lose weight and  help to maintain  for a long . 
● Avoid continuous seeting in front of TV (Telivision), video games,computer.  
● Take Expert opinion: If  your child  suffering from Hypothyroidism,       Diabetes, PCOD, Cussing syndrome,you should consultant to weight loss     experts for easy weight loss.

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